Our Veterinary Services

Interventional Radiology and Endoscopy

Through a combination of advanced imaging technology and the expertise of our doctors, ACCESS Specialty Animal Hospital – Palm Beach County can treat certain cardiac, respiratory, urologic, and gastrointestinal diseases with lower risk, less pain, and a quicker recovery than with conventional surgical methods.

Veterinary Interventional Radiology

Interventional radiology (IR) involves the use of modern imaging equipment, primarily fluoroscopy (video X-ray) and CT scan, to gain access to different parts of the pet’s body for diagnostic and therapeutic reasons.

Once a particular organ is imaged and a diagnosis is made, our interventional specialists can use a variety of catheters, coils, stents, glue, or other devices to remove masses, alter blood flow to organs, or deliver drugs directly to cancerous tissues.

Veterinary Interventional Endoscopy

Interventional endoscopy involves the use of endoscopes, small cameras which can be guided throughout the body via naturally existing openings, often in conjunction with other contemporary imaging methods, such as ultrasound or fluoroscopy. Guided by these images, our doctors can reach many parts of the body without the need for open surgery.

Endoscopy can be used in various situations, such as biopsy, feeding tube placements, foreign body removal, bladder stone removal, and many more.

The Advantages of Interventional Radiology and Endoscopy

  • Decreased mortality rate
  • Minimized anesthesia time
  •  Shorter hospital stays
  •  Quicker recovery time
  •  Lower cost

In addition, Interventional techniques provide an alternative to pets for whom conventional therapies are not recommended or can’t be performed. And in some cases, Interventional techniques are the only solution to treat conditions for which standard remedies might not exist.

Our veterinary Interventional Radiology procedures include:


  • Cardiologic interventions:
  • Triple lumen catheter placement
  • Vascular access port placement

Interventional oncology

  • Urethral stenting
  • Ureteral stenting


  • Antegrade urethral catheterization
  • Cystourethrogram for diagnosis of urethral obstruction or rupture
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic cystoscopy
  • Ectopic ureter ablation: available in both males and females
  • Hydraulic occluder inflation/deflation
  • Hydraulic occluder placement and maintenance
  • Hydraulic occluder placement for refractory incontinence
  • Ablation of persistent mesonephric remnant and hymens
  • Minimally invasive removal of stones SNL (surgically assisted)
  • Nephrolithotomy for massive, complicated nephroliths
  • Ureteral stenting for stones/strictures/infection (surgical vs. endoscopic placement)
  • Ureteral stricture/congenital malformation treatment
  • Urethral obstructions relieved with guidewires – reduces trauma to the urethra
  • Urethral stenting for malignancy/strictures
  • Urethral stricture ballooning
  • Urethral stricture treatment
  • Voiding urethrohydropulsion
  • Voiding urohydropulsion
  • Subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) placement


  • Biopsy and debulking of nasal, laryngeal, and tracheal tumors
  • Bronchial/tracheal foreign body retrieval
  • Nasopharyngeal stenosis balloon dilation
  • Nasopharyngeal stenting for refractory/recurrent stenosis
  • Pleural Port placement for chronic pleural effusion
  • Tracheal stenting
  • Bronchial/tracheal foreign body retrieval
  • Nasopharyngeal stenting
  • Nasopharyngeal balloon dilation


  • Colonic stenting for neoplasia/strictures
  • Endoscopic colonic mass biopsy, polypectomy
  • Endoscopic duodenal mass, biopsy, polypectomy
  • Endoscopic gastric mass debulking, biopsy, polypectomy
  • Esophageal balloon (BE) tubes, indwelling treatment for esophageal strictures
  • Esophageal ballooning
  • Esophageal dilation PEG tubes
  • Esophageal feeding tube placement
  • Esophageal stenting Low-profile gastrostomy tube replacement
  • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement (PEG tube)
  • Polypectomy (bladder, esophageal, gastric, and colonic)
  • Rectal stricture ballooning

A brief IR introduction

Click on the below image to find out more.

Discover More